South Asia

South Asia is a term used to represent the Southern region of Asian continent, which consists of the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries, adjoining countries to the West and East. Topographically, it is dominated by the Indian Plate, which rises above sea level as Nepal and Northern parts of India situated south of the Himalayas and the Hindu Kush. South Asia is bounded on the south by the Indian Ocean and on land by West Asia, Central Asia, East Asia, and Southeast Asia.

Countries

Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka

Area

5.1 million Km² (1.9 million mi²), 11.51% of the Asian continent

3.4% of the world’s land surface area.

Population

1.749 billion, one fourth of the world’s population

24% of the world’s population

Population by religion

In 2010, South Asia had the world’s largest population of Hindus, Jains and Sikhs, the largest population of Muslims in Asia-Pacific region at 507 million.

Over 25 million Buddhists and 35 million Christians.

Pakistan

Afghanistan

Bangladesh

Sri Lanka

Maldives

Nepal

India

Bhutan