Central Asia

Central Asia stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.

Central Asia’s five former Soviet republics:

Kazakhstan
Population 17 million

Kyrgyzstan
Population 5.7 million

Tajikistan
Population 8.0 million

Turkmenistan
Population 5.2 million

Uzbekistan
Population 30 million

TOTAL POPULATION
66 million.

Brief History

In pre-Islamic and early Islamic times, Central Asia was predominantly Iranian, peopled by Eastern Iranian-speaking Bactrians, Sogdians and Chorasmians and the semi-nomadic Scythians and Parthians.

After expansion by Turkic peoples, Central Asia also became the homeland for the Kazakhs, Uzbeks, Turkmen, Kyrgyz and Uyghurs and Turkic languages largely replaced the Iranian languages spoken in the area.

From the mid-19th century until almost the end of the 20th century, most of Central Asia was part of the Russian Empire and later the Soviet Union, both Slavic-majority countries.

Home to about 7 million Russians and 500,000 Ukrainians.

Kazakhstan

Kyrgyzstan

Tajikistan

Turkmenistan

Kazakhstan

Azerbaijan